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#JulyByWomen Statistics

August 5, 2014
postsbypostersgender

Metafilter is a site where interesting links are discussed. You have to pay $5 to sign-up to comment and the site actively moderates discussions, so the discussions tend to be thoughtful. Earlier in 2014, some heated discussions about sexism led me to wonder exactly how many women were posting and commenting on Metafilter. There had been some statistics gathered through surveys that pointed to a 40-45% women:men ratio but as Metafilter doesn’t require or track a gender field on accounts, no-one really knew.

Fortunately, I was sick in June and mostly staring at a wall for hours each day. Perfect for data processing. I ran some rough calculations that suggested that while about 40% of Metafilter members are women, far fewer post (8-20%) and women tended to comment less than men. This was discussed in the Revisiting misogyny on Metafilter thread and led to a small idea: what about a month of encouraging women to post with a tag, #JulyByWomen?

The #JulyByWomen project started as a thread on Metatalk with the hopeful goal of doubling women’s posts in July with an additional 90 posts. We ended up with 428.

So here are some statistics on what was a wonderful month with amazing posts by hundreds of women, making Metafilter even better. Thanks to everyone who took part, supporting and posting and commenting. (And here’s the wrap-up thread on metatalk, notes on how I compiled these stats are at the end of this page.)


 

The Main Numbers

postersbygender
Women posted way more in July 2014 than the month before. The other gender groups stayed the same or for men, slightly down – possibly as some prolific posters who are men stepped back in support of #julybywomen.
womenspostsjbwtag
Some women chose not to use the #julybywomen tag, or on only some of their posts. The three posts with the highest comments (two, the highest overall this month) by women did not use the #julybywomen tag at all. Some reasons given in the threads were women who already felt comfortable posting to metafilter and women who did not want to mark their posts by gender, among others.
>NewPostersJuly
There were 15 people who posted to metafilter for the first time in July, 9 of them women who all used the #JulyByWomen tag, and two of them going on to post again.
PostingAfterYearJuly PostingAfterYearJune
People who hadn’t posted in at least a year came out significantly in July – 117 returned posters, compared to 72 in June, nearly 60% higher. And most of the renewed posting came from women, many of whom used the #JulyByWomen tag.
CommentatorsbyGenderOverall
This data’s a bit rough as only about 25% of commentators were tracked for gender. There was a big jump in the participation by women in comments on the site, partly on posts by women in July 2014, but fairly spread out over all posts, as you can see in charts further down the page. Men still commented more overall, but the gap was significantly closed.
postsbypostersgender-july-pie postsbypostersgender-june-pie
Here’s the clearest picture of what posting looks like when it roughly aligns to the actual userbase.
PostingExperienceByGenderPoster
Experience differs hugely between women and all other genders. I calculated the lifetime post count for every user I tracked, then compared that to the number of posts they made in June and July 2014. The lower your percentage, the more experience you have. If you had a 50% percentage for example, you had posted only once before.
postsbypostersgender mefipostvolume
I’m putting these two side-by-side to address a question raised early in the project: did the extra posts change the volume at metafilter? In other words, were women’s posts crowding out other voices? Was it more quantity than quality?

Metafilter’s posting volume varies month by month. July 2014 was higher, but not high enough to be only the #JulyByWomen posts as a temporary bump. June 2014 was lower than average, so the #JulyByWomen statistics might seem artificially inflated, but I ran some back-of-the-envelope comparisons to July 2013 and the 2014-2013 year in general, and none of the gender posting ratios deviated as sharply as they did in July 2014. Metafilter has had busier and quieter months than July, but as far as I can tell, not a month with so many women posting.

As for quality, the Comments ratio and Favourites ratio for posts mostly increased, and browsing through the July 2014 archive shows a huge range of topics. At the very least, there was no decrease in quality, and I would argue a definite increase.

poststopostersbypostersgender
A better metric for comparing posting is the ratio of posts to posters, basically the average volume for each gender. The other three genders remained fairly similar, with on average two posts per active men posting. In July, women surged ahead thanks to several very active posters.
JunePostFrequencybyPostersGender
JulyPostFrequencybyPostersGender
I’ve put these under each other to make them slightly easier to compare. Basically, most people post just one front page post. A few people post way more. Before July, men were far ahead in each category. In July, women made far more single posts and held their own in the heavy posting categories too.
favouritesvolbypostersgender favrationbypostersgender
Before we get to comments, what about favourites? Noticeably, they picked up sharply in July on posts by women, both in volume and the average of favourites per post – but only for women mefites. All other genders actually favourited less slightly.
FavouritesPostsJBW
I picked out the posts by women to see if favourites differed depending on the tag #julybywomen, and there was a clear jump of about 30%. This applied even when I excluded the heavily commented posts, possibly because they were topical news threads that are less likely to be favourited as a bookmark method. Favouriting has been used informally as a way to feedback praise and support for a post, so this jump was likely a sign of support for the #julybywomen project.
CommentVolumeSpreadPostersGender
Here you can see that most metafilter posts in July (and when I compared to other months, this is a little better than typical) are under 100 comments. This is a snapshot on 3 August, so the volume is lower for newer threads. Women posted the threads with the most comments (MH17, the World Cup and gun control) and most threads ran 20-70 comments long.
commentsvolbypostersgender commentsratiobypostersgender
There’s a massive swing in volume of comments made at posts by women, mostly seeming to come from decreases in mens and undetermined posts. However, it’s not quite that simple. First, overall volume was up in July, with three women-written posts leading overall comments.

Then looking at the second chart showing the ratio of Comments to Posts, you can see that there was a decrease in the average comments per post for every gender group in July, possibly because there were just so many posts in July that people’s attentions were divided. The drop was sharpest for undetermined/unknown gender, and posts by men.

July2014CommentatorsbyGender
This chart is a bit complicated. Starting with women, you can see that the largest proportion of comments women make are on other women’s posts. This same gender preference holds true for men on men’s posts, queer on queer posts and even oddly enough, undisclosed on undisclosed. We seem to unconsciously gravitate towards our own gender’s posts and discussion.
CommentsPostsJBW
Comparing comments on posts by women, the #julybywomen tag at first seems to lead to a lower discussion ratio. However, when I excluded the top three outlier posts (MH17, World Cup and gun control) that had come to nearly 10% of all the comments on women’s posts, the #julybywomen tag slightly boosted the discussion ratio.

Number crunching

You got all the way down here? Congratulations! Here’s where I got the numbers.

The raw data came from the wonderful infodumpster, a very neat project by Metafilter that takes the public site data and puts it out to be crunched each week.

However, this doesn’t include gender. What I did was create my own gender list mapped to the userids. I pulled all the unique userids for July and June 2014, arranged them alphabetically and then went to their profile page. I could have – and in hindsight, should have! – scraped the gender entry, but even that only worked about 5% of the time as it’s a freeform entry and people enjoy putting funny comments there.

I worked out gender from the profile page for about a quarter of people, then participation in #julybywomen helped me identify more women. Some people wrote to me with their gender. For everyone else, I went to their website or twitter linked from their profile page, or I looked at their recent activity page. I kept my search to the first page of results to not be creepy.

I tried to be as inclusive as possible for Queer, so anyone who mentioned gender-flexibility was marked as Queer. Trans people were marked by the gender they chose for their profile/activity. I didn’t assume marriage or parenthood implied gender roles unless specified.

I don’t plan on releasing the gender list publicly, although I can memail the spreadsheets to other mefites, as there are quite a lot of people who do not list their gender on their profile by choice, although I was able to track their gender readily from activity.

Poems 52: The Peace of Wild Things (Wendell Berry)

February 10, 2014

When despair for the world grows in me
and I wake in the night at the least sound
in fear of what my life and my children’s lives may be,
I go and lie down where the wood drake
rests in his beauty on the water, and the great heron feeds.
I come into the peace of wild things
who do not tax their lives with forethought
of grief. I come into the presence of still water.
And I feel above me the day-blind stars
waiting with their light. For a time
I rest in the grace of the world, and am free.


This drove me slightly crazy in memorising because I had the flu and the lines don’t scan. The syllable count for each line varies without structure and the sentences are all variable lengths and there are barely any internal assonances or repeated or linked phrases so in the end, it feels much more like a prose paragraph that has been cut at random. Spoken aloud, the lines have the rhythm of someone speaking plainly and not reciting.

I am glad to have it finally stuck in my head. The first line that did was And I feel above me the day-blind stars waiting with their light because I have when looking at the day sky thought often that the stars are there, only out of sight. The poem has an odd tension about anthropomorphising the natural world, where ‘forethought of grief’ is not felt. He doesn’t deny a state of emotion to nature, because the wood drake rests, the stars wait, but rather the anxious creation of emotion to an uncertain future.

I read Fr. Thomas Hopko’s 55 Maxims last week, and one line struck me in consternation: “Flee imagination, fantasy, analysis, figuring things out.”

Imagination, fantasy and analysis are terms I use easily for very good things: the act of creating a story with people and inhabiting them, of creating new ideas from different scattered parts, of looking at a multitude of voices and accounts and drawing out a deeper understanding.

It seemed strange, almost hypocritical to urge people to flee those things, when Fr Hopko’s writings certainly involved them.

But in Berry’s poem, it isn’t fear that counters peace, but despair and fear of what lies ahead, what might be. Animals certainly experience fear, but they do not sacrifice a part of their present emotional experience for future worries.

And that’s what I think is meant by Hopko too. To create and to understand, yes. But to take the present and pull it apart out of fear and uncertainty with our own anxious imaginings and worried fantasies, in pursuit of a false sense of control rather than acceptance, is to rob ourselves.

In this poem, the narrator goes to nature and comes into a place to rest. There’s a sense of movement towards a still point, waiting, resting and being free. There is no action and time pauses. He does not need to do anything with the animals or to change them, simply to be there.

I’ve put one of his books, The Long-Legged House, on order at our library. I haven’t read many naturalist essays for a long time.

DSC_8354 - C

I used to leave the house as a child and wander around the garden or neighbourhood at night because it was so quiet and peaceful. Now, when I walk through a park or by the canal near our house, I stop at the flight of an egret and there is no need to do anything but watch the bird glide over the water and remember the day-blind stars waiting with their light.

Theology 52: The Life and Miracles of Blessed Xenia of St. Petersburg

January 9, 2014

Book coverThe Life and Miracles of Blessed Xenia of St. Petersburg (Great Ascetics of Russia) is a 79 page stapled pamphlet and I’ve read it before, so it was naturally my first choice for the daunting list of 52 books of theology I had set myself to read this year.

When I was received into the Orthodox Church, one question like most converts is what name to pick, because the tradition is to be named for a particular saint whose namesday then becomes your namesday, and far more important a date than your own birthday, a tradition that is a lot easier to admire than put into practice, especially with small children who are wondering why they don’t have a birthday like other kids.

I had mostly settled on St Hilda of Whitby who is pretty rocking as a woman of administrative brilliance, teaching and nurturing and founding entire communities. I had been reading a lot of Ellis Peters too.

My priest told me the week before that I was going to be named Xenia after St Xenia of St Petersburg, here was her icon and that was that.

There isn’t much in historical records about St Xenia, but there are a fair amount of stories and traditions recorded shortly after she died, as she had already become known locally as a Fool for Christ saint.

This little book is split between about 20 pages at the front detailing what is known of her life and the stories collected – not all, because I’ve heard some more such as when she kicked over a big vat of expensive honey in the marketplace, and walked off leaving behind the bewildered and angry shopkeeper who finally saw a festering rat revealed at the bottom of the vat – but it is a good account of her life, with notes on what is recorded and supported, what is by way of memory and story.

Icon of St XeniaThe second part is a compilation of stories from people who prayed to St Xenia for help. During her life and after she was known to give help for children, marriages, homes and jobs – the ordinary things of life. These stories range from a few paragraphs to several pages, and are all by different writers.

The book is typeset, a copy of an older pamphlet. The stories end in the 1970s. There are two black and white illustrations in it of St Xenia’s icon and her grave in Smolensk cemetery. It is, as far as I know, the only book about St Xenia translated or written in English, and well-worth getting. 

There is a novel – The Mirrored World – which I plan to read soon as part of this – based on her life as well.

And what came of reading this:

  • I ended up wondering about the practices of Molieben and Panikhida referred throughout the story, and learned that a Molieben is a service where intervention is asked, often addressing a particular saint, for help, a form of public shared prayer. A Panikhida is a memorial service that includes much of the same service as a Molieben, but is meant as prayers for the departed.I plan to ask the priests I know more about the practical part of these services, because I’ve only really seen the Panikhida, and occasionally blessings for people going to travel or who are ill, that were at the end of regular liturgy services.
     
  • I was reminded again how much I resist the supernatural element of miracles. I do not believe in a “two-story” universe, and I profoundly believe in science and integrating those two is a struggle. I’m grateful for the gift of mystery in orthodox theology – how does bread and wine through communion become the blood and flesh of God? A mystery! And with miracles, I know and yet I don’t.
     
    Pratchett in Small Gods is how I mostly cope: “Weeping statues, and wine made out of water, a mere quantum-mechanistic-tunnel effect that’d happen anyway if you were prepared to wait zillions of years. As if the turning of sunlight into wine, by means of vines and grapes and time and enzymes wasn’t a thousand times more impressive and happened all the time.”
     
  • I thought about the Smolensk cemetery where St Xenia is buried and for the first time, started to seriously think about going to St Peterburg on a pilgrimage. Friends of mine have gone on pilgrimages, but I am a solitary and lazy creature, so the thought of getting up at four am to go to a monastery and stand outside for a few hours then eat dry bread and go to another church and stand for many hours is not compelling. But they speak with such joy of their pilgrimages, and reading about the chapel over her grave, closed up during the communist era so that people would stand around it quietly praying and slip little scraps of paper with prayers into the cracks on the walls – I begin to think yes.
     
  • I thought about one of the common threads in the stories told about her interventions, that people turned to ask for help only when they were nearly homeless, or in despair, and that the saints are such a ragbag lot of people. You’ll have an illiterate shepherd next to a scholarly prince next to an ex-courtesan nun. Yet in all their lives, there’s something that answered to God. It’s hard sometimes to think of the God who made galaxies and is eternal, or even Christ who was human as well, for our own grubby petty problems.
     
    The saints are in our company though, people who lived and struggled and floundered, and to ask a woman who was born wealthy and by all accounts, fairly empty-headed before being widowed early and then lived on the streets, begging and jeered at – she’s the kind of Saint you would ask in for a cup of tea, and talk to her and listen because her life was so much more and still, the same fabric as our own.
     
  • I love St Xenia. That was probably the one thing I learned most from re-reading this. I don’t know why my priest chose her, but I am grateful he did because I love her. I have several icons of St Xenia, including a tiny one from her chapel in Russia, and I stop and pray before them at least once a day. She is part of my day, the first saint I turn to ask for help, and someone whose courage and love serves as a guide in my own life. I love her so much.
     

Baking 52: Banana Cake

January 6, 2014

Banana cakeMy mother made banana cake using the Edmonds cookbook recipe, a New Zealand staple. I remember it being slightly spicy, speckled and banana-rich, but when I’ve tried to recreate that with the NZ recipe, I get a perfectly respectable plain banana cake that is nowhere close to my memory.

I decided, as one does at four am in the morning when the toddler is finally asleep again, that I needed cake for breakfast. I had a few recipes bookmarked for this and in the comments on one recipe suggested adding coconut flakes and coconut milk to replace some of the flour and milk respectively.

Again, as I told my son when he saw me measuring out baking powder by shaking a pile into my palm, this is not an exact recipe. It doesn’t have to be, because banana cake is a very moist and forgiving recipe with fairly strong flavours.

Start by turning on the oven to about 160 celsius. Then I mashed up some bananas with a teaspoon of vanilla essence. I had some squishy pisang-type bananas, the little ones, and popped six of them in to blend briefly and set aside in a bowl.

I didn’t clean the thermomix after that, but tipped in 150g of butter and about 120g of brown sugar. It should be the same amount, but I cut back on the sugar because the bananas are so sweet already. I creamed it (Setting 4/10 seconds or so) and then added two eggs, one at a time with a brief pulse to blend.

I didn’t habe any self-raising flour, so for about 200g of plain flour, I added a generous teaspoonful of baking powder, plus a scant teaspoon of baking soda. I added another 40g of dessicated coconut, and a generous teaspoon or so of ground nutmeg and cinnamon each, and then decided to replace the milk entirely with a packet of coconut cream because – well, it was very early in the morning and I hadn’t had any coffee yet and I thought bugger it, see what happens. I meant to add only about 50g of cream, but ended up tipping all of it in, about 100g.

Then it was all mixed for about 10 seconds twice on speed 4, stopping to push down the sides. It was lovely thick batter that filled the round tin up. I sprinkled some more dessicated coconut on top and set the oven rack a little lower so the coconut would toast and not burn by the time the cake was ready. I check after 40minutes, gave it another 5 minutes to get golden on top and checked if a knife came out clean and let it cool down for a while.

The cake rose well and cut into big tender slices. The taste was very coconutty – more like a very moist, slightly banana-flavoured coconut cake. Half of it has already been eaten by my family.

Next time, I’d like to try a vegan variation, with applesauce for the eggs and vegetable oil for the butter, no coconut to replace the flour, and possibly some honey with the sugar, and coconut milk instead of cream. And possibly some allspice.

Handmade 52: Felt diapers

January 5, 2014

Felt diapers on Elmo

A pair of felt diapers, mostly from this guide. I’m sick, so I decided to do something very simple and Maggie has been swaddling and diapering all her toys with random cloths, so her Elmo dolls (she got a pair of identical Elmos for Christmas, dubbed the Elmo Twins, big brothers to her baby Elmo – basically our house is overrun with Elmos everywhere) got orange felt diapers. The orange felt is leftover from making her Elmo costume too.

Scissors, stick-on velcro and some felt. Next up, felt bandaids so we can preserve our stock of actual bandaids.

Poems 52: Heaven-haven (Gerald Manley Hopkins)

January 5, 2014

A nun takes the veil

I have asked to go
Where springs not fail,
To fields where flies no sharp and sided hail
And a few lilies blow.

And I have asked to be
Where no storms come,
Where the green swell is in the havens dumb,
And out of the swing of the sea.


I knew this was the first poem I wanted to memorize this year because I read it repeatedly when I last visited my father before he died. I had brought along a copy of The Rattle Bag, an anthology of poems that to this day gets packed if I am away for a night or more from home because it is almost a commonplace book of poets and there is always something in it at 4am while it rains.

I didn’t consciously try to memorize it then, just read it over and over until it was a polished touchstone. When I read it now, it has laid over the poem itself, silent cold mornings, standing in my parents’ garden and the sense of waiting for death and life.

I always think of island monasteries and nunneries here, and the question of retreat from the larger world to a quieter place being implied, but that Hopkins, as an often unhappy Jesuit, would have known, becoming a monk or a nun is not retreat from the world but instead taking on a more intense and in some ways much harder community. A priest I know liked to say that being a monk had meant all the commitment of marriage, but to thirty-odd other monks in your monastery, not just one person.

To me, the poem is about choosing the path of a nun towards the life beyond, not choosing life in a nunnery as a safer quieter option than the world.  Every time I read it, I wonder what she asks exactly, especially that first she asks to go, and then she asks to be, and for me the most opaque line – in the havens dumb. Why is the green swell silenced?

A couple of notes on some partial meanings:

  • A few lilies blow – the word blow is here the older form of bloom
  • The green swell is that quieter part of waves nearer the shore
  • havens being a safe port or refuge, as in the gray havens
  • the swing of the sea referring to the tides

And finally, on memorizing it: so much easier a little each day. Because it’s next to the sink, I ended up reading it over and over. I would close my eyes and attempt to recite it until I had it down, and now it’s pretty stuck.

I’m handwriting all of the 52 poems into a small notebook as my own commonplace anthology at the end of the year.

Baking 52: Bread and Butter Pudding

January 3, 2014

We had an uneaten baguette, rare in this household where bread and our fridge vanishes into food blackholes called teenagers, so I sliced it up and left it in a half-covered bowl to go stale faster.

I read several bread-and-butter recipes but decided that what I really wanted was to make a pudding that required very little preparation and could skip stages, so I cobbled together different versions.

First, I buttered the slices, and then tore them into 1″ sized pieces. I would skip that next time and try soaking the bread for longer because the soaked pieces fall apart much easier while stirring in the jam. I buttered the dish (a cast iron dutch oven) generously, so buttering the bread was redundant too. One recipe suggested pan-frying the bread in butter which sounds insanely delicious, but time-consuming and an extra thousand calories.

I had a 250g jar of double cream, so I matched that with the same amount of whole milk and four eggs. Some recipes use just the yolks, but that tastes too rich to me. I left out the sugar because I was going to stir in jam, but next time I would add about 2 tablespoons of sugar so the custard was very slightly sweet. I forgot to add vanilla, which I would definitely add a teaspoonful next time. I put it in the thermomix for 5 minutes on 90 degrees at speed four. In a pan, you would just heat this gently and stir it. You don’t have to cook the custard all the way – you can just mix it and leave it to cook in the dish itself. I warmed it because it mixed more smoothly, and it would melt in the sugar better.

Then I poured it over the bread – I used a large pot so the bread was only 1-2″ deep, and I think in general, bread and butter pudding is a shallow dish because you need a crisp brown top and a set inside, and in a deep dish by the time the inside set, the top would be burned.

Then the bit I liked the most -jam! I had some raspberry jam left, so we used that. I would buy apricot jam for this, but really any good jam will do. I put big spoonfuls on top of the soaked pudding and gently stirred it in because I wanted to have little spots and swirls of jam, not entirely blended. I would use about 1/2 jar of jam proportionally next time. So much nicer than sultanas or dried fruit. I sprinkled nutmeg over the top – one recipe suggested brown sugar that I might try with cinnamon instead.

Then I put the big dish into a roasting pan, filled the pan with water and very gingerly put the whole sheet in the middle of the oven at 170 celsius. Next time, I put the pan and dish in first, then pour in the water! I had water sloshing everywhere.

I left it to cook for about 45 minutes, checking every 5 minutes at the end. Once it looked nice and crispy, we took it out and tucked in. It was really good – not perfect, but solidly good. And I can report that leftovers reheat nicely for breakfast!

Next time, I’m going to serve it with either cold thin cream to pour over the hot pudding, or possibly greek yogurt. I’d like to try making it in little pots set closer to the grill as well so they cook faster.

I was really happy to make this and see how easy a water bath pudding actually is. Here’s hoping my kids leave some more bread to go stale!